Tomato "Roma" is a determinant type of vegetables that perfectly adapts to climatic conditions. The characteristics and description of the Roma tomato variety will give complete information about the fruits. The plant is not exposed to fusarium, verticillium. In the season, it gives a lot of fruits that are perfectly preserved without spoiling the presentation and taste.
Roma tomatoes have gained immense popularity in Australia and Italy. In Russia, farmers love this species due to its versatility, as well as ease of care. The southern regions and other parts of the country where good, mild weather allows tomatoes to be grown in open areas. In those regions where the summer is not very warm, there may be temperature drops at night, it is better to give preference to the greenhouse growing method, to use film shelters.
Description of Tomato Roma:
- Determinant view.
- Mid-season, fruits begin to appear 105-115 days after sowing seeds.
- Useful properties, taste and other qualities are preserved even when frozen. Thus, the Roma tomato can be used in winter to prepare any kind of food.
- The fruits grow in the form of a plum, their flesh is dense and has a lot of sugar.
- Tomatoes are small in weight, on average about 80 grams.
- The bushes, like the fruits, are small, up to 0.8 m in height. There are few branches on them, due to the size, you can plant 1 sq. m. up to 7 bushes.
In Russia, they began to deal with this species not very long ago, all the seeds are supplied from Holland, but there are already reviews and photos of the Roma tomato yield from farmers. Some people believe that this particular type is not suitable for use in salads and is best used for seaming, tomato paste, sauces.
All the nutrients that the plant takes from the soil are spent for the formation and ripening of tomatoes. The Roma variety can be stored for a long time, transported over long distances. On average, from 1 sq. you can get up to 12 kg of harvest.
Brief information is presented in the video:
Among the positive qualities of Roma tomatoes are:
- Low maintenance requirements.
- Long fruiting period, sometimes even before the first frost.
- A good immune system.
- The small size of the bushes.
- Excellent yield.
- High portability.
The disadvantages include only vulnerability to high humidity, with this you need to be careful not to lose the crop. A visual description of the Roma tomato is shown in the photo:
Reviews and descriptions of the Roma tomato indicate the need to plant it in those places in which other crops grew, for example, cucumbers or zucchini.
Advice! The seedling method is used to grow the variety, since simple sowing of seeds in the ground does not give the desired result.
The whole process of growing seedlings consists of simple rules:
- To prepare the substrate, it is imperative to use several components: soil from a forest or garden, sand, humus, and also ash.
- If there is no time to prepare the substrate, it can be replaced with universal mixtures that are sold in stores. They are allowed to be used for growing any crop. In addition, you can buy soil exclusively for tomatoes, it is also suitable for the Roma variety.
- When self-preparing the substrate, it must undergo heat treatment. It is necessary to place the composition in the oven and ignite or simply pour in hot potassium permanganate.
- After preparing the ground, getting rid of harmful bacteria in it, the container for planting seeds is filled. The container must have special drainage holes.
- The soil must be watered and tamped a little.
- In a prepared container with earth, a depression is made, about 1.5 cm, and the distance between them is about 5 cm.
- Rum seeds are placed in the grooves. You can use a separate container for each seed.
To obtain perfect, strong seedlings, you need to do seed treatment before sowing. According to Roma tomato reviews, one of two methods is chosen for the procedure:
- Heat treatment of seed, for 20 minutes at 50 degrees. Immediately after this, the raw material must be cooled in water, and then left for 24 hours in an Epin-based product, although it can be replaced with other solutions that stimulate growth.
- Etching with potassium permanganate (1%) for half an hour. Further, the seeds are soaked in a solution of "Epin" or "Zicron".
For the treatment of Roma seeds, many farmers advise using the following solutions:
It should be noted that Roma tomatoes from many manufacturers have already been processed, such information is indicated on the packaging for the seed.
Although the Roma tomato variety is considered determinant, a lot of attention needs to be paid to the soil. It is ideal to use fertile and light soils for planting. Before planting seedlings, holes must be made, with a height that will be at the root system.
Seedlings should be planted at right angles if they are strong but small. In the case of overgrown plants, the ideal angle is 45 degrees. The Roma variety should form in one stem, and for 1 square. 6-8 bushes are enough for land. If 2-3 stems are formed, then the number of bushes per square must be reduced.
Looking through photos of tomato Roma, reading reviews, cooks recommend using them for drying.
The description of the Roma tomato variety is simple and care is also simple. It is best grown in greenhouses, if the climate is unstable, or outdoors, when planted in southern regions. Care includes several elementary rules:
- Tomato Roma F1 loves correct pinching, which is done on time. Thus, the formation of bushes of 1-3 stems begins.
- It is necessary to water the plant 2 times a week, taking into account the weather, as well as the growth period. For tomato Roma, you need about 3 liters of water per bush.
- The bushes will not refuse irrigation with water, but only warm liquid will need to be used.
- Watering is carried out only at the root of the plant.
- For the first feeding, you must use a solution made from 500 ml of liquid mullein, 1 tbsp. l. nitrophosphate. 10 liters of water are added to the resulting mixture, and 500 ml of the finished mixture is enough for one bush.
- For the second feeding, 500 ml of chicken manure is used, 1 tbsp. superphosphate, 1 tsp potassium sulfate. 10 liters of water are added to the mixture and each bush is watered with 500 ml of solution.
- The last feeding is created from 1 tbsp. potassium humate and 1 tbsp. A similar amount of water is added, and watering is also carried out by analogy with the first fertilizers.
Additionally, it will be necessary to carry out constant weed removal, loosen the soil, and also use preventive measures to exclude diseases and pests.
Collection and storage
For long-term storage, it is recommended to harvest the fruits when they are just starting to turn red or brown. Then you can put them in the sun to ripen. After a couple of weeks, they will be fully ripe, and the taste does not differ from ripening on the bushes.
If a cold snap comes, the temperature drops to +5 degrees, then you also need to collect all the tomatoes, and then remove the bushes. Roma tomatoes are harvested in August, and the exact time depends on the weather and when the seedlings are planted.
It is better to store tomatoes in wooden boxes, the fruits themselves should not have any damage, rot and other defects. Storage is carried out in a cellar or in a well-ventilated place, then Roma will be stored for 2-3 months.
Vladimir, 42 years old, Krasnodar
I bought the first time tomato seeds Roma, after planting I was surprised by their germination. The seedlings grew strong, and after transplanting into the ground they took root perfectly. I was satisfied with the fruits and harvest themselves, I will plant the variety in the future.
Dmitry, 35 years old, Lipetsk
Reading the description, reviews of the Roma tomato variety, looking through the photos, I decided to buy seeds and plant them on my site. I was surprised that the variety can be dried and frozen, while the aroma and taste of the tomato remains. It looks a bit like cream, but the taste of the tomatoes is sweet and aromatic. This type of tomato is very pleased, and there is nothing to complain about.
Daria, 58 years old, Serpukhov
I liked the variety, the harvest was decent, there is no greenhouse, so the planting was carried out in open ground. I did not process the plants, maybe as a result of this rot appeared, nevertheless, there were a lot of fruits and stocks for the winter turned out.
After examining the description and photo of the Roma tomato variety, you can draw some conclusion. This type is well suited for greenhouse cultivation and for open ground. Most of the reviews for the Roma variety are positive. The harvested fruits are suitable for fresh use, for preparations and various culinary dishes. Tomatoes are well suited for preservation, pickling, freezing and drying. This is characterized by the small size of the tomatoes.
Many people note a positive feature that the Roma variety does not require serious personal care. Using the standard rules of growing and care, each gardener will be able to get about 5-7 kg of fruits from 1 sq. m.