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Homemade black grape wine

Homemade black grape wine


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Homemade wine from black grapes is prepared using a special technology. If you follow it, you get a natural drink containing vitamins, acids, tannins and antioxidants.

When consumed in moderation, homemade wine has antibacterial properties, relieves fatigue, improves digestion, and lowers blood pressure. An anti-cold remedy is prepared on the basis of red wine with the addition of lemon peel, cinnamon and other spices.

Features of black grapes

Black grapes are characterized by low acidity and high sugar content. As a result of their use, a sweetish drink with a delicate aroma is obtained.

The following black grape varieties are grown for home winemaking:

  • Pinot;
  • Tsimlyansky black;
  • Muscat of Hamburg;
  • Black kishmish;
  • Odessa black.

Wine can be obtained from any black grape, but a quality drink is made from technical varieties. They are distinguished by dense clusters with small berries. Such grapes are distinguished by a high content of juice, from which wine is later obtained.

Preparatory stage

Regardless of the recipe chosen, making wine requires some preparation. This includes the collection and processing of grapes, as well as the selection of suitable containers.

Picking berries

Black grapes are harvested in dry and clear weather. Depending on the variety, the berries ripen in late September or early October. It is necessary to pick berries in the vineyard before the first cold snap. For making wine, ripe grapes are used, without rot and damage.

Important! If the grapes are not ripe, then the wine will turn out to be too sour. With overripe berries, vinegar is formed instead of wine.

If the berries fell to the ground, then they are also not used in winemaking, otherwise the drink will acquire an unpleasant aftertaste.

After harvesting, the grapes are not washed in order to retain bacteria on the surface that promote fermentation. If soiled, it can be removed with a cloth. The collected raw materials must be processed within 2 days.

Container preparation

To get quality wine, you need to use dry and clean containers. At home, glass bottles or containers made of food-grade plastic or wood are used. The container size is selected based on the volume of grape juice.

During the fermentation of the grape mass, carbon dioxide is released. Its drainage is provided by a water seal. There are ready-made designs of a water seal, but you can make it yourself.

Advice! The easiest option is to use a rubber glove in which a hole is pierced with a needle.

A more complex design includes a lid with a hole, which is installed on a container of wine. Carbon dioxide is removed through a hose, one end of which is placed in a bowl filled with water.

Grape wine at any stage of production should not come into contact with a metal surface. The exception is stainless cookware.

Black Grape Wine Recipes

The classic method of obtaining grapes includes several stages: obtaining juice, fermentation and aging. Depending on the type of wine that needs to be obtained, adjustments are made to this recipe. With the addition of sugar, a semi-sweet wine is prepared. Dry wine contains only grape juice without additional components.

Classic recipe

Traditionally, red wine is made from black grapes at home. The classic recipe involves the use of two main ingredients:

  • black grapes (10 kg);
  • sugar (3 kg).

The process of making wine in this case includes several stages:

  1. After harvesting, the grapes are sorted out, leaves and twigs are removed.
  2. The raw material is placed in an enamel bowl and squeezed by hand. It is allowed to use a wooden rolling pin, but it is important not to damage the grape seeds. Otherwise, bitterness will appear in the wine.
  3. After processing, the grapes are covered with gauze, which is folded in several layers. This material does not impede the penetration of air and protects the mass from insects.
  4. The container is placed in a dark place with a temperature of 18 ° C for 3 days. To prevent the wort from souring, it is stirred twice a day. When foam appears, gas evolves and a sour smell spreads, proceed to the next stage.
  5. The grape pulp is squeezed out using gauze or a press, it is no longer needed.
  6. The resulting juice is poured into a separate container for 75% of its volume. A water seal is placed on top.
  7. The container with wine is left in a room with a temperature of 22 to 28 ° C for fermentation.
  8. After 2 days, the wine is tasted. If there is a sour taste, add sugar (about 50 g per liter of wine). For this, 1 liter of wort is drained, sugar is added and poured back into a common container. The procedure is repeated 3 times.
  9. When fermentation stops (the glove deflates, there are no bubbles in the water seal), the wine acquires a lighter shade, and sediment accumulates at the bottom. It must be drained through a transparent thin hose. This process usually takes 30 to 60 days.
  10. To form the final taste, the wine is bottled. Containers with wine are stored at temperatures from 5 to 16 ° C. They must be tightly closed to exclude the access of oxygen. It takes about 2-3 months to mature red wine.

Homemade black grape wine has a strength of 11-13%. Winegrowers advise keeping the drink in a cool place for 5 years.

Sugar Free Recipe

Dry wine is obtained from black grapes without added sugar. This drink has a minimal sugar content, since all the fructose in the juice is processed by yeast bacteria.

Homemade dry wine is natural and healthy, but requires careful selection of raw materials. It is obtained from grapes with a sugar content of 15-22%. The taste of berries depends on the variety and climatic conditions of cultivation.

Dry wine from black grapes is obtained following the following technology:

  1. The harvested grapes are separated from the bunch, placed in a basin and pressed manually or using a wooden stick.
  2. The resulting mass is placed in a container, filling 70% of its volume. Cover the wort with gauze.
  3. The grape mass is left for 3 days in a room where a constant temperature is maintained from 18 to 30 ° C. Pulp will begin to accumulate on the surface, which needs to be stirred 2 times a day.
  4. After the appearance of abundant foam and a rich red color, the pulp is squeezed out, and the grape juice is poured into bottles with a narrow neck. The liquid should fill 2/3 of their volume.
  5. A water seal is installed on the bottles, after which they are moved to a dark place with a temperature above 16 ° C. Fermentation takes 25 to 50 days.
  6. When fermentation stops, the wine is drained, being careful not to touch the sediment. For further aging, the wine is poured into bottles, which are firmly sealed. Bottles are stored at 6-15 ° C.
  7. After 2-3 months, red wine is considered fully matured and ready to use.

Fortified wine recipe

When alcohol or vodka is added, the wine acquires a tart taste. As a result, the shelf life of the drink is increased. It is recommended to use vodka, grape or ethyl alcohol to fix the wine.

You can prepare a fortified drink according to a specific recipe:

  1. Black grapes (5 kg) must be kneaded and transferred to a clean container.
  2. The pulp is covered with a cloth and left for 3 days. Stir it periodically.
  3. The grape mass is squeezed out and a juice is obtained, to which 0.6 kg of sugar is added to it.
  4. Glass containers are filled with juice, on which a water seal is installed.
  5. After fermentation is complete, the wine is drained from the sediment, filtered and alcohol is added. Its quantity is calculated as 18-20% of the received volume of wine.
  6. After 2 days, the wine is re-filtered and left in a cool place for aging.
  7. The finished drink is bottled and stored horizontally.

Honey recipe

Linden or flower honey is used to make wine. When using it, there is no need to add sugar to the wine.

The process of making wine with honey sourdough includes several stages:

  1. First you need to extract the juice from the black grapes. To do this, knead the berries and leave the resulting mass for 3 days. Stir it periodically to remove the crust on the surface.
  2. A similar amount of water, 1 kg of honey and sourdough are added to the resulting juice (10 l). Wine yeast is used as a starter culture. It is also prepared independently from 0.5 kg of raisins, which are poured with water and left warm for 3 days.
  3. The wine is fermented and matured according to the classic recipe.
  4. When filtering wine, add 2 kg of honey instead of sugar.

Spice recipe

Spices are added to young wine obtained after removing filtration and aging. Cinnamon (1 tbsp) and cloves (1 tsp) are used as spices. The components are crushed and then placed in a small linen bag.

A bag is lowered into a bottle of wine, then the container is closed with a cork. Wine with spices is infused for 2 weeks. Strain the drink before drinking.

Conclusion

Homemade wine is distinguished by its naturalness and excellent taste. Red wine is made from black grapes, which has a positive effect on the functioning of the heart, digestion, circulatory and nervous systems.

The best quality wine is obtained from technical black varieties containing an increased amount of juice. Depending on the technology, semi-sweet or dry wine is prepared, as well as fortified drinks. With the addition of honey or spice, the taste of the wine becomes more intense.


Watch the video: Healthy Homemade Grape wine. Wine making made simple. Christmas special wine making at home (November 2022).

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