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Black Walnut (Juglans nigra) - a plant belonging to the type species of trees and the Walnut family (Juglandaseae). This valuable tree in vivo grows in North America.
Black Walnut Description
An unusual tropical culture for adequate fruit production needs sufficient heat. American walnut is very much appreciated for its medicinal and numerous beneficial properties.
What does black walnut look like and where does it grow in Russia?
The height of the aboveground part can reach 37-40 m. The bark is dark, almost black, covered with deep cracks. Leaves of the next arrangement, unpaired type, oblong-ovate, light green staining, with irregularly-finely serrated edges.
Flowering simultaneously with the blooming of foliage. Stamen type flowers collected in very attractive, multi-flowered earrings. Pestle type flowers are collected in racemose inflorescences. Fruits of green coloring, spherical or pear-shaped, with a diameter of up to 50 mm, covered with glandular type hairs, covered with a thick shell. The culture is quite actively grown in the Stavropol and Krasnodar Territories.
Black walnut varieties
Known and cultivated varieties include Emma-K, Bisentennial, Thomas and Veshke, as well as 108-N.
Scope of black walnut
Fruits have incredible benefits, which allows them to be used for preventive and therapeutic purposes. Especially popular are NSP or NSP dietary supplements, which have a pronounced bactericidal, anti-inflammatory and wound healing effect, have general strengthening and tonic properties, and also contribute to the improvement of metabolic processes in the body.
In traditional medicine and homeopathy
Traditional medicine and homeopathy, the fruits are used to treat and alleviate the following components:
- stopping bleeding - juice obtained from green pericarp;
- treatment of tumors, various ulcers and sexually transmitted diseases - tincture and ointment based on bark;
- therapy of purulent wounds, weeping eczema and diathesis - foliage.
In official medicine, antioxidant and antiparasitic, as well as general strengthening, antibacterial and immunomodulating properties are widely used. Also, funds based on such plant materials stimulate metabolic processes in the body.
Black Walnut Cooking
The fruits are used for food purposes, but it is quite difficult to get the kernels out of the hard shell of a fully ripened nut. Most often green fruits are used in cookingwhich are great for salads and jam. Also, immature kernels are added to various confectionery products.
The use of black walnut
Medicinal properties and features of the use of black walnut
Numerous medicinal properties of American walnut fruits allow the use of such medicinal raw materials for the preparation of a series of medicinal products with very high efficiency.
Black walnut oil
A very effective and popular tool widely used to combat parasites. Finished products retain their healing properties for no more than two years when stored at room temperature. Store the product in a hermetically sealed container. The dosage for use as an anti-parasitic agent for adults is half a teaspoon three times a day before meals. Children older than three years of age are given three times a day, ten drops. The standard treatment period is one month.
Black walnut capsule
Especially popular is the Black Walnut Nulls capsule. Such an effective tool is intended for therapy in the following cases:
- dysbiosis of different genesis;
- bacterial infections;
- viral infections;
- fungal infection;
- low immunity;
- allergic reactions;
- herpetic eruptions;
The increased content of linolenic acid in plant materials contributes to the active reduction of cholesterol levels in atherosclerosis. You need to take the drug one capsule a couple of times a day in the process of eating food.
Properties of black walnut leaves
An extract based on plant materials contains the maximum amount of nutrients. Extracts are available in powders, tablets, capsules or in the form of alcohol tinctures.
It is a universal medicine for internal and external use.. For self-production, a clean liter jar is filled to the brim with unripe fruits with a green peel, after which the vegetable raw material is poured with high-quality vodka and infused for a couple of weeks in a dark and fairly cool room.
To take such a healing remedy you need a course. On the first day, five drops are taken, previously dissolved in boiled water at room temperature. The dosage every next day rises by five drops until then, when their number is thirty drops. Then you need to take a month break. An external reception helps to get rid of many skin pathologies.
Such the healing agent has proven itself in the complex treatment of almost any tumor process, as well as in the treatment of diabetes, fungal infections, general slagging of the body with toxic substances, as well as joint diseases. Juice has a very pronounced hemostatic effect, and also contribute to the speedy regeneration of damaged skin.
Contraindications and harm
Abuse of fruits can cause some harm to the body, due to too high calorie content. That is why more than one handful of kernels from fully ripened nuts cannot be consumed per day. It is especially important to comply with the dosage when using therapeutic agents for the treatment of children and people who have a history of any chronic pathology. Before using the drug, it is imperative to get the advice of the attending physician.
Important to remember, that eating more than ten nuts a day significantly increases the risk of spastic events and the development of inflammatory processes in the tonsils. It is equally important to remember the presence of individual intolerance to high-protein foods. In this case, allergic manifestations may be noted, represented by skin rashes, swelling and rhinitis. It should also be remembered that overcooked nuts are very difficult for the body to perceive, and strong heat treatment of the nucleoli can almost completely destroy all the beneficial components.
Caution should be observed for persons suffering from gastric ulcer or intestinal problems, who have a history of gastritis, thrombophlebitis, severe liver pathologies, including cirrhosis and acute liver failure. It is strictly forbidden to use such a product for chronic alcoholism or overweight, as well as for pregnant and lactating women, children under two years of age.
Features of the collection, procurement and storage of medicinal raw materials
The collection and harvesting must begin in the first decade of autumn. It is the unripe fruits that have the most healing properties and medicinal qualities. Nuts need to be collected only from a tree. Fallen plant material is not of high value. The collected vegetable raw materials should be stored in the form of independently prepared alcohol tinctures.
About the features of growing black walnut in the country
A tree plant can not be grown on acidic soils, so it is best to select a site represented by neutral or slightly alkaline soil for planting and cultivation. Wood ash and potassium phosphorus fertilizers are required to be introduced into a pre-prepared landing pit. You can propagate the culture not only with seed material, but also with cuttings and clothespins. Care measures are not too complicated:
- fruiting plants require sufficient moisture, therefore, at the stage of fruit loading, approximately in the middle of summer, the culture must be provided with watering;
- the plant has a self-forming crown, but annually sanitary trimming is mandatory, involving the removal of thickening, diseased or dry branches;
- top dressing with organic involves the introduction of half a bucket of dung humus or good compost for each square meter of plantings.
Important to remember, that the root system of this crop is capable of secreting a toxic substance called yuglon, so plants such as alfalfa, tomatoes and potatoes, black currants, apple trees and mountain ash cannot be planted nearby.
When to collect black nuts
How to distinguish black walnut from walnut
Black walnut is one of the closest relatives of the well-known and popular walnut in our country. It is quite significantly different in the basic chemical composition and effect exerted on the human body. Among other things, such a plant forms larger fruits, and have a fleshy, quite powerful and well-developed pericarp. It should also be noted that American walnut is less shade tolerant, and this feature is very important to consider when choosing a place for planting and growing on a personal plot.