Activities for the care of chrysanthemums come down to the mandatory implementation of regular irrigation, top dressing, loosening the soil and proper pruning, which allows you to get bushes with a lush and beautiful shape.
Coda start preparing chrysanthemums for winter
As a rule, only small-flowered and Korean chrysanthemums, as well as local selection chrysanthemums, which are adapted to adverse external factors and easily tolerate the winter period, leave the winter in an open field on a personal plot. Nevertheless, even for such unpretentious and fairly stable decorative plants it is necessary to care for and properly prepare them for the upcoming cold weather.
Preparation of garden chrysanthemum for winter should be started in most regions of our country around the middle or end of August. In the more southern and northern regions, these dates are shifted, respectively, to September and early August. It was at this time that the plant began to intensively prepare for the rest period, and untimely measures could harm the culture and make it very vulnerable to frost.
On the need and features of sheltering chrysanthemums for the winter
Important to remember, that tall and large-flowered varieties that are thermophilic are unable to winter in open ground, they are therefore removed together with an earthen lump from the flower garden and placed on wooden boxes that need to be stored in winter in bright and cool rooms at a temperature of 2-6ºC and air humidity at the level of 80%. It is also quite possible to keep the uterine bushes with an earthen lump, tightly laid in rows on the floor in the cellar at a temperature of 0-4ºC.
The most winter-hardy varieties and some varieties wintering in open ground conditions can simply be provided with shelter after applying fertilizer, as well as performing preventive processing and pruning. In this case, as a reliable shelter for the winter, it is recommended to give preference to mulch from brushwood or ordinary spruce spruce branches. Such shelter should be breathable, as otherwise the decorative culture may vypryat.
Small-flowered and Korean varieties and hybrids, as well as hybrid forms of domestic selection, can winter in earthen trenches, covered with boards or slate, on top of which dry foliage is poured or covering material is laid.
How to prepare chrysanthemums for winter
Autumn Chrysanthemum Care Tips
With the onset of autumn, you need to carefully consider dressings, as well as the correct regime of irrigation measures, which will improve the cold resistance of the decorative culture.
Watering regime and rules
Irrigation measures in the autumn are very important only if arid and hot weather is observed for a long time. After the watering of the bushes is completed, you need to perform the traditional preventive spraying.
Such events must be carried out no later than the first decade of September or immediately after flowering. First, you need to make a thorough inspection of the aerial part of the garden flower, and if necessary, remove all diseased shoots and use chemicals designed to combat diseases and pests. Important to remember, that spraying is carried out in dry and warm, almost calm weather.
Autumn pruning of chrysanthemums
Immediately after full or partial flowering, from the bushes of the garden chrysanthemum, it is necessary to cut absolutely all the stems, at a height of about a quarter from the surface of the earth. Pruning is done with a clean and sharp garden prunerperforming a cut at right angles. Experienced flower growers recommend leaving shoots with a height of no more than 15 cm, which serves as a kind of prevention of damage to the aerial parts of the decorative culture with wintering plant parasites or pathogenic flora.
Feeding Chrysanthemums in Autumn
Immediately after flowering, chrysanthemums are depleted, and therefore especially need to restore nutritional balance, so plants need to be properly fertilized. It is best to use standard potash and phosphorus fertilizers for top-dressing the most frost-resistant and wintering garden chrysanthemums in the open ground, which will significantly increase the resistance of the decorative garden culture to the coming winter frosts. The compositions are diluted in strict accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.
Planting Chrysanthemums in Autumn
Autumn planting of bush chrysanthemum has certain advantages, therefore, it is more preferable when growing such a garden decorative culture. The undoubted advantage of such a planting is the ability to independently determine the color and size of the buds, as well as the shape of the bush, which is almost impossible to accomplish when purchasing planting material in the spring.
The optimal dates for autumn planting is considered to be the last decade of September, which will allow the seedling to take root and adapt well before the onset of winter. It is important to remember that high-quality planting material must necessarily have several well-formed root shoots at once. An underdeveloped plant freezes in the winter.
How to plant chrysanthemums in autumn
Choosing and preparing a place in the garden
Garden chrysanthemums give preference to flower gardens located in well-lit areas with some elevation. In shaded areas, the flower culture will be oppressed and incapable of prolonged, plentiful flowering. Among other things, the culture is sensitive to the location of groundwater, so if their location is too high, it will be necessary to perform good drainage based on river sand.
The soil in the area allocated for planting and growing garden chrysanthemum should be loose, with a neutral or slightly acid reaction. On too heavy soils, peat crumb, humus and rotted manure are necessarily introduced into the flower beds. After the soil has been dug up and freed from weed vegetation, it is required to dig out the planting holes, to which complex fertilizers are added.
Most often, chrysanthemums are grown in open ground in rows. With this method of planting, it is very important to strictly adhere to the optimal distance between the plants to be planted. As a rule, all undersized and medium-sized shrub varieties are planted at a distance of 30-35 cm from each other, and for the planting of tall varieties and hybrids, the distance between the planting pits must be necessarily increased to half a meter. The standard depth of the landing pit should not exceed 35-40 cm. Each pit must be well drained, and after refueling with fertilizers, it is abundantly watered with warm water.
Technology and landing dates
Planting a garden chrysanthemum should be done in the evening, after sunset, or on cloudy days. It is best to plant the purchased planting material under a shallow, drizzling rain. Chrysanthemum bushes should be lowered into the hole with minimal deepening. Tall seedlings will require the installation of a wooden or metal support.
After planting and fixing on a support, it is recommended to pinch the seedlings carefully, and on too hot days - to perform shading of the aerial part. The rooting of garden chrysanthemum occurs quite slowly, so you need to irrigate if necessary.
If in the autumn period it is not possible to plant a garden chrysanthemum on a flower garden in open ground, then it is quite possible to plant the purchased seedling in an ordinary plastic container. It is best to use a not too deep, but fairly spacious plastic box for this purpose.
How to save chrysanthemums in winter
A feature of the root system of an ornamental plant is its proximity to the surface of the soil, so you do not need to purchase a deep container or flower pot. After planting, the aboveground part is cut off by about two-thirds of the total height. Until spring, seedlings are kept in the basement, at a temperature of between + 5-6aboutC. During storage, periodic irrigation measures must be carried out, and with the onset of spring, a decorative culture with an earthen lump is planted in a permanent place, in open ground.