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Many gardeners appreciated the beauty and originality of the hedge. But in order for her to look great at any time of the year, she will have to pay a little attention. In the spring, while all life wakes up after a long winter sleep, your hedge will need a haircut.
Pruning a hedge plant greatly affects his well-being. A plant can begin to grow rapidly, or vice versa - slow its growth. The flowering intensity can change, with severe damage, sleeping buds come to life, new branches grow near the pruning site. Therefore, in order not to spoil the hair of your hedge, you need to know some secrets of pruning. Pruning can enhance the health and beauty of your garden when done right! If you take care of your plants, you can enjoy them for a much longer time. Here are some cropping tips.
Haircut methods and technologies
There are several ways of pruning - tweezing, banding, breaking up of non-desalinated shoots, blinding the buds, the main methods are cutting the whole branches and shortening. For hedges apply "blind shortening." At the same time, the plant is sheared along a predetermined contour, not paying attention to how slices after cutting will affect the growth of the plant.
Successful pruning is only possible with the right tool. It should be well-sharpened garden shears with long handles and blades. Then the slices will be even and can quickly grow. Correcting the green hedge hairstyle is painstaking work, and the pruning method must be chosen depending on the type of plant.
If trees and shrubs grow along the perimeter of the plot, and you want the hedge not to grow up and in breadth, then in early spring, trim the excess branches.
Honeysuckle and hawthorn pruning
A hedge of honeysuckle or hawthorn requires more attention. You need to trim this fence several times during the season, but the fence will be thick and will not allow uninvited guests to enter your site. The hawthorn tolerates a “blind haircut” perfectly, but it must be carried out before the buds open. Cut branches will very soon grow into young branches that intertwine and form an impenetrable green wall. Do not forget to regularly clean old and diseased branches. Honeysuckle must be constantly thinned out, otherwise weaker branches will dry out. In addition, do not forget to trim the upper branches of the jasmine hedge, then it will not stretch up, and a high-quality lower part will soon form.
Cotoneaster and viburnum require pruning twice a season - in spring and summer, and there will be no worries at all with hedge of mock up, barberry, spirea, cherry plum, rosehip, willow and black elderberry.
Barberry is cut off before the buds open. Do not forget to cut the weak branches near the bush of barberry and do not let it thicken very much. Elderberry will have to be constantly sheared, otherwise the bush will grow very quickly and up and in breadth. If you want to make a thick branchy hedge from a bush of viburnum, then in the second year after planting you should cut the branches very shortly. After when the branches grow and their length is 30 cm, it will be necessary to pinch the shoots. After that, the awakened kidneys will give strong shoots. They do the same with rose hips. Immediately after planting, it is severely cut off, and then left alone for two years. In the third year, the bush is again cut, weak and dry branches are removed. On branches that are branches at 20 cm, you need to pinch the tips.
After this, young branches with flower buds will grow. Take care of the dog rose, cut dry branches, branches older than five years, then your hedge will delight everyone with fresh herbs and fragrant flowers.
Bosquets (high hedges) and live borders are varieties of hedges. Bosquets can be used both as a background for flower beds, and as a high hedge. The height of the curbs should not exceed 50 cm. For living borders, low plants are chosen. You can use some types of cotoneaster, Japanese quince or heather. It is not necessary to take fast-growing plants for the border - these are only additional difficulties when caring for the plant and forming the border.
Cut the hedge over a tightly stretched cord. Then you will avoid irregularities, omissions, and your green fence will look neat. Sometimes when cutting thick branches, it is possible to use not pruning shears, but a pruner.
And one more tip - do not get too carried away with cutting in the first years of your hedge, but you need to inspect the plants regularly. Do not forget to clean weak, diseased branches. Take care of the plant regularly and the result of your work will delight everyone around. We recommend reading the article on topiary shrubs.