Do-it-yourself wooden fence in the country

Do-it-yourself wooden fence in the country

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A wooden fence is a classic version of the fencing of the local area. Decorative and unusual hedges made of wood have not lost their relevance to date. You can make such a design with minimal cost yourself even in the absence of experience.

Self-made simple wooden fence from boards

The simplest and most affordable options for a wooden fence are based on ordinary boards. Such a simple design has a number of advantages:

  • unfinished boards, which are often used in the construction of the fence, have a relatively low cost;
  • it is very easy to work with wood, and the board is fixed in the spans using the most common galvanized nails;
  • the fence made of wood has not only a beautiful appearance, but is also characterized by environmental cleanliness;
  • wood is ideally suited for a variety of decorative processing;
  • the whole process of self-construction of a structure does not take much time.

But, it should be remembered that the board is able to quickly become unusable under the influence of external factors, and also belongs to the categories of fire hazardous materials. The most resistant samples are systematically treated with antiseptics, which increases maintenance costs. Before the construction, you need to determine the height of the fence and make the correct calculations of the consumables. On the front side, a pattern or patterns can be applied that will increase the attractiveness of the appearance.

The length of the structure is determined by the perimeter. For example, to fence a site measuring 10 m by 10 m, you can use the formula L = 10 m + 10 m + 10 m + 10 m = 40 m. The area of ​​the fence at a height of 120 cm will be S = 40 m x 1.2 m = 48 m2. The standard fixation step for each facing board is 10-15 cm. A pair of horizontal beams around the entire perimeter is fixed to the vertically mounted supporting boards. The lower transverse beam is recommended to be fixed at a height of 20 cm from the surface of the earth, and the upper - at a height of a meter or a little more. When setting up a high fence, it may be necessary to secure a third, intermediate transverse beam.

How to build a country fence

What to consider when making a fence from racks with your own hands

Fences made of battens are distinguished by their original appearance and attractiveness. One of the most decorative designs is rightfully a lightweight grille. In order to independently produce one section with dimensions of 90x63 cm, it is necessary to purchase construction and fixing material, submitted by:

  • a pair of support bars;
  • a pair of transverse beams;
  • racks in the amount of 12 pcs.;
  • with wood screws with dimensions of 3x25mm in an amount of 12 pcs .;
  • with wood screws 3x40 mm in the amount of 4 pcs.

You can erect such a structure yourself in accordance with the following step-by-step recommendations:

  • install support poles;
  • indent from the upper edge of the support posts of 30 mm, fix the transverse logs using screws 3x40 mm in size as fasteners;
  • indent from the upper edge of the support posts of 50 cm, fix the transverse logs using 3x40 mm screws as fasteners;
  • fastening of rails is carried out in the direction from left to right with the help of screws with dimensions 3x25mm;
  • the starting rail must be fixed to the fixing point of the upper log and support, as well as to the lower frame at a distance of 15 cm from the support;
  • all subsequent rails are fixed in increments of 15 cm from previous fixation points.

In a similar way, the slats are fixed in the direction from right to left, which allows you to get an attractive fence with a characteristic diamond-shaped pattern.

Characteristics and advantages of picket fence

The classic picket fence is a structure consisting of metal or wooden poles and crossbars with vertically fixed rails. Such fences have both certain advantages and some disadvantages that must be taken into account in the process of construction and operation:

  • universal use, if necessary, to perform independent fencing of the site, zoning, as well as decoration;
  • aesthetics and harmonious combination with any design and style;
  • durability and reliability in the conditions of regular and competent care, represented by periodic staining and timely elimination of defects;
  • simplicity of installation and lack of need to use any professional equipment;
  • optimal compatibility with natural stone, traditional brick, metal and concrete;
  • ease of maintenance during operation;
  • a variety of options and methods of execution;
  • lack of shading and air circulation disturbances;
  • affordable cost.

The main and, perhaps, the only minus of fences based on a wooden fence is the need to carry out periodic proper care.

Fence can look like a dull construction of boards located close to each other, which allows you to provide a private environment in a personal territory. However, the gap option is more popular. In this case, the boards are fixed with a small distance from each other.

When to install a picket fence

Our ancestors installed log palisades, which were buried in the ground about half a meter with a preliminary sharpening of the ends. Currently, this option of fencing is rarely used and, if necessary, to obtain the most reliable and monumental structure, having the following main advantages:

  • a dry wood palisade is a peculiar element of antiquity, and goes well with the design in the old Russian style;
  • It looks quite original and stands out against the background of modern buildings;
  • strong and high design has anti-vandal qualities;
  • It is resistant to shocks and all kinds of rather serious mechanical damage;
  • affordable cost and the ability to use as a support for a variety of climbing plants;
  • environmental friendliness and naturalness.

However, such fences need careful maintenance, and are also able to create significant shading over a large area and often interfere with natural air circulation.

How to calculate the cost of a wooden fence

Other options for wooden fences

Today wooden fences are very popular, but non-trivial and original designs are especially demanded, very successfully combining reliability, durability and decorative appeal:

  • option "Ranch" represented by certain spans made of boards or bars that are located horizontally. The open fence allows you to delimit the territory and is an ideal fence for pasture;
  • option "Ladder" is made of boards that are located in a horizontal direction relative to each other. In the presence of horizontal oblique gaps, the sun's rays pass to the site, but at the same time it is possible to maintain inaccessibility of the personal territory for outsiders;
  • option Chess perfectly transmits sunlight and air, therefore, the most favorable conditions are created for the simple and development of plants in the infield;
  • option "wooden shingle" represents sawn or chipped material located in the horizontal direction. The design resembles the appearance of a wooden tile and is distinguished by its decorative appeal.

Less popular are wooden paving fences or cladding. This option is a surface that is formed of logs sawn along the axis in half and maximally tightly joined. The direction of paving can be horizontal, vertical and angular, which allows you to get interesting patterns in the end, which can become a real decoration of a personal garden.

Beautiful wooden fences for summer cottages

Before staining or decorating a wood-based fence, the correct preliminary preparation must be made to ensure optimal impregnation of the material. The surface must be dry, thoroughly cleaned of dirt and dust. The old surface should be cleaned mechanically. with a scraper or a hard brush.

Custom paint options

The paints are applied with a brush or spray gun, and spraying should be carried out along the wood fibers. Particular attention should be paid to the ends. Impregnation and paint should be applied in two layers.

Very interesting on a plain surface of a solid fence looks a floral ornament or plot pattern, which can be applied using stencils. Do not work on a hot, rainy, or windy day.

Unusual designs and carved elements

Even the most ordinary fence made of wooden boards can become an unusually attractive fence, if you use various decorative elements. The upper part of this design can be represented by carved parts. You can also alternate continuous spans with carved or trellised inserts.

Combined Options

Wooden spans are very well combined with other types of building materials. Quite often, erected structures are a successful symbiosis based on metal, stone or brick pillars and foundation foundations with a wooden picket. Wicker structures combined with natural stone of various sizes also look interesting.

How to extend the life of a wooden fence

The standard procedure for processing building materials in completely affordable ways allows you to extend the life of any structure based on wood:

  • in order to maintain attractiveness and extend the operational life, it is necessary to treat with antiseptic solutions. Impregnation should not violate the natural texture of natural wood;
  • areas buried in the ground often suffer from rotting; therefore, surface charring or bitumen lubrication is required.

How to make a wooden trellis fence with your own hands

Correct painting of a wooden surface or the use of varnish for this purpose also allows to extend the life of such a fence.

For the construction of fencing, several types of wood are well suited, and the choice directly depends on the tasks. Deciduous species such as birch, beech or ash have very high decorative properties, and you can get a durable and affordable fence if you use spruce or pine in the construction.

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