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Golden horned (golden Ramaria): description and photo, edibility

Golden horned (golden Ramaria): description and photo, edibility


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Ramaria golden - this is the name of the genus and species of mushrooms, and not some exotic plant. Golden horned (yellow) is the second name. Few people know, let alone collect this mushroom.

Where golden ramaria grow

The golden horned grows in deciduous and coniferous more often than the temperate zone. It settles on the forest floor or decaying wood, on the soil. Prefers humid places. You can find these amazing mushrooms from August to September. There is information that they grow from June to October.

Ramaria golden is common:

  • in the forests of Karelia;
  • in the Caucasus;
  • in Crimea:
  • in Siberia;
  • in the Far East;
  • in the forests of Europe.

What golden ramaria look like

Ramaria golden has a massive fruiting body. The diameter and height are approximately the same, reaching 20 cm.

Its upper part is highly branched, more often yellow. At a later time, it turns orange. The color of the slingshot may depend on:

  • climatic features of the territory;
  • places of growth;
  • age.

The upper part resembles flattened branches with blunt ends. They are tight, thick and short.

The pulp is white or slightly yellowish, very fragile.

Spores are light ocher powder. They are small, smooth or slightly rough, oblong in shape. They are noted to contain a small amount of oil.

Ramaria golden has a short whitish leg. Diameter - up to 5 cm, height - 1-2 cm. The flesh of the leg acquires a yellowish tint. It is watery and brittle.

Coral mushrooms - this is how golden ramaria are called because of their external resemblance to sea corals. Mushroom noodles, deer horns are also the names of horns.

Is it possible to eat golden ramaria

Golden ramarias are classified as conditionally edible mushrooms of category IV. This group includes mushrooms of little value in terms of taste. They can only be used when young and fresh. Later they become very harsh and also become bitter. It is advised to eat the base of the slingshot, while the twigs accumulate substances that give a bitter taste.

Important! All representatives of the group of conditionally edible mushrooms are recommended to be pre-soaked or boiled, as they may contain toxins.

A very closely related species is the yellow ramaria. They have the same taste value. It is impossible to distinguish between these two species without microscopic examination.

Mushroom taste

Lovers of the gifts of nature note that the taste of mushrooms is inexpressive. They have a slightly mealy smell. Taste qualities for an amateur.

False doubles

Ramaria golden has many similar counterparts. They are also coral, but inedible, some are even poisonous. Novice mushroom pickers who are unable to distinguish between a real golden horn and a false double should not take them.

A blunt slingshot is inedible. It tastes bitter. The ends of the branches are rounded. They meet him more often in Siberia. The place of growth is mixed forests with an admixture of fir.

The gummy calocera is an inedible twin. It can be found on stumps and dead wood. It is painted bright yellow. It has a dense, jelly-like flesh.

Ramaria is beautiful, poisonous. A distinctive feature is the appearance of a reddish tint when pressing on the fruiting body. The lower part of the processes is white-yellow in color. Older specimens become brownish brown.

Ramaria tough is classified as an inedible mushroom. The pulp has a bitter, pungent taste. The smell is pleasant. Has a different color: yellow, brown. If you press on the pulp, it will change color to burgundy red.

Collection rules

Experienced mushroom pickers recommend cutting off golden ramaria with a sharp knife when collecting. Place in a soft container, as the fruit body is brittle. Their layer should be small. Collect and fold the slingshots separately from the rest of the mushrooms. It is recommended not to take:

  • old specimens, as they are bitter;
  • those that grow on stumps and dead wood;
  • growing near the road, as they accumulate toxic substances in exhaust gases;
  • if there is no confidence in their edibility.

To take a young slingshot, it is advised to pay attention to the appearance. At an early age, golden ramaria are yellow in color, at a later age they are bright orange.

If you press on the fruiting body of an old specimen, a light brown tint appears. The smell is reminiscent of cut grass.

Use

Ramaria golden, as noted above, bears a striking resemblance to yellow Ramaria. It is observed not only in appearance, but also in the internal composition, application. After all, these representatives are conditionally edible and belong to the same genus. Mushroom pickers confuse them, since only microscopic analysis can separate these species.

Although slingshots are in the fourth category, they are tasty at a young age. Golden Ramaria is used in cooking for the preparation of various dishes. They are dried and frozen, preserved for the winter.

Important! It must be remembered that for any method of use, you must first boil the forest fruits.

Do not recommend using:

  • pregnant women;
  • nursing young mothers;
  • children under 12 years old;
  • people suffering from diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, as well as prone to allergic reactions.

Conclusion

Ramaria golden is a little-known mushroom. It has many counterparts that are considered poisonous or inedible. Only experienced mushroom pickers can collect it, confident that the specimens found belong to the group of safe mushrooms.


Watch the video: Picking Pholiota squarrosa mushrooms เกบเหลองทคลายเหดหวาย Aug 4th, 2019 (January 2023).

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