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It is difficult to grow bell peppers in the harsh climate of Siberia. However, if you make every effort, observing certain conditions of care, this can be done. In the climatic conditions of Siberia, it is much more difficult to get good seedlings from seeds. It must be constantly covered with a film from the night cold snap or planted in greenhouses. It is best to take early pepper seeds for Siberia. In a short summer, they will have time to bring the harvest. When choosing seed, you need to pay attention to the packaging. Bell pepper seeds suitable for cultivation in Siberia will be marked with the appropriate inscription.
Several rules for sowing pepper seeds
In order for pepper seeds to sprout well, and to make healthy seedlings from them, it is necessary to follow the basic rules of agricultural technology of culture. Experienced gardeners are advised to do the following:
- The last decade of February is the best time for sowing pepper seeds for Siberia. The choice of such an early period is determined by the long germination of seeds. The first shoots hatch on the surface of the soil by about the middle of the fourth week. Plus, by this time it is necessary to add 45 days of growth of the seedlings themselves before planting them in the ground.
- The cultivation of peppers begins with the selection of suitable varieties. We will talk about them further. Seeds must be purchased in specialized stores. It is better if the gardener has his own seed collected from last year's harvest. Such grains have a high percentage of germination, as they have already adapted to local conditions. If it is decided to grow hybrids, then such seeds will only have to be bought.
- Even the highest quality seeds do not give 100% germination. Bad grains are identified in salt water before planting. According to the consistency, the solution is prepared about 5% by placing the seeds there for about 10 minutes. The good grains will sink under their weight to the bottom of the salt water container, and the pacifiers will all float to the surface. They will need to be collected and discarded.
- Salt water is drained along with good seeds through cheesecloth. The grains remaining in the gauze are tied in a bag, washed with clean water, then dipped in a 5% manganese solution for half an hour. The prepared seeds are laid out on a plate covered with cotton cloth or several layers of gauze, periodically wetting until they hatch. This usually occurs after a week. Once the seeds have hatched and small embryos have appeared, they are planted in containers. The bottom of the container is covered with expanded clay. It is needed for drainage. It is better to buy a prepared soil with nutrients ready-made.
Important! Experienced gardeners are advised to sprinkle the surface of the soil with wood ash in containers. It will protect seedlings from fungal diseases.
- The seeds are placed in moist soil no deeper than 2 cm. It is optimal to cover the soil on top with a 5 mm layer of river sand. The containers are tightly covered with transparent film and placed in a warm, dark place.
After the sprouts appear, the film is removed from the containers and placed in a lighted place. Seedlings should receive maximum light, otherwise the plants will stretch.
The video shows the sowing of seeds:
New Siberian varieties
It's time to choose the best varieties for Siberia. For clarity, we will consider them from a photo, but I would like to start with new products.
This variety of peppers was bred by breeders in Western Siberia. The culture belongs to the early ripening period. A low-growing plant grows to a maximum of 50 cm in height. The shape of the fruit resembles a small barrel. At the initial stage of ripening, the peppers are white with a greenish tinge, and upon reaching ripeness they turn bright yellow. The pulp is juicy, up to 8 mm thick. A ripe vegetable weighs about 200 g. The crop is considered high-yielding, and its fruits have an excellent presentation.
Another new fruitful variety, bred by Siberian breeders. The plant thrives on open and closed beds. The bush is strong and branched, but not tall. The maximum plant grows 60 cm in height. Ripe peppers are large, conical in shape with a truncated end. Up to 15 peppercorns can be tied on one bush. The deep red fruit with juicy flesh, 8 mm thick, weighs about 250 g. From 1 m2 you can harvest 5 kg of crop.
Important! The culture is resistant to bad weather conditions. Heat, cold snap or rain does not affect yields.
An unusual Siberian vegetable of dark brown color is called chocolate because of its color. However, the pulp of a ripe pepper is red inside. The plant grows to a maximum of 80 cm in height. According to the ripening time, the culture belongs to the mid-early varieties. The 6 mm thick juicy pulp is very tender and has a specific bitter aroma. Pepper of this variety grows well in open and closed beds.
This pepper was developed from a popular hybrid and adapted to the Siberian region. In terms of ripening time, the variety belongs to medium early crops. Plant of medium height, maximum 75 cm in height. Fruits are very large in rich yellow color. Some specimens may weigh 0.5 kg. The pulp is very juicy, about 10 mm thick. Up to 14 peppercorns can be tied on 1 bush.
Separation of the best varieties by ripening time
The best varieties of peppers are determined by the gardener himself. Now there are a huge number of bell pepper hybrids bred specifically for the Siberian region. However, if a person is new to growing this crop, then until he finds the best varieties for himself, he will need initial help. Here the reviews of experienced gardeners came in handy, who helped to make a rating.
Early ripening peppers
So, let's start our review with peppers of the early ripening period:
- The compact bush of the Kolobok variety bears small green fruits. The peppers on the plant stick up.
- The undersized Topolin variety is probably the most popular in the Siberian region. Ripe fruits weigh about 150 g.
- Another popular Siberian early pepper variety "Montero" bears large fruit. The fruits are considered to be of universal use.
- The culture of the "Edino" variety is ideal for beginner gardeners. The plant takes root and bears fruit even in the worst climatic conditions.
- Yellow peppers of the Selvia variety have an attractive appearance. The excellent taste of the fruit makes it a favorite of every gardener who has tried to grow it at least once.
To this list you can add many more varieties, for example, "Latino", "Buratino", "Dobrynya Nikitich" and others. It is impossible to list all of them.
Mid-early ripening peppers
It's time to move smoothly to mid-early varieties. These crops also produce good harvests of peppers in harsh climates:
- The culture of the Lastochka variety takes root well in open and closed beds. The purpose of the fruit is universal.
- Adapted to any weather conditions, the Pervenets of Siberia pepper variety is distinguished by its small fruits. Excellent taste allows the vegetable to be used universally.
- On open and closed beds, the "Gift of Moldova" pepper bears fruit. The palatability of the fruit is sweet juicy pulp.
- Mid-early culture "Victoria" is distinguished by tender fruit pulp. The plant brings large yields, is immune to diseases. Ripe peppers are ideal for winter harvesting.
- Despite the harsh climate, the Alyosha Popovich variety bears fruit with a thin skin. Oblong peppers are considered to be of universal use.
- Thick-walled peppers of the "Gambler" variety are very tender and tasty. Ripe fruits turn red.
The peppers "Vityaz", "Zorka", "Aries" and others can be added to the listed cultures.
Harvest varieties with very tasty fruits
In this subcategory, we decided to add Siberian varieties of peppers with excellent fruit taste. After all, every gardener primarily grows peppers for their own consumption, which means that the fruit should be juicy, sweet and fleshy. Let's take a look at the rating of crops in this category according to the reviews of gardeners.
The culture belongs to the early ripening period. The first harvest from the moment the seeds germinate can be obtained in 114 days. The plant is originally intended for growing outdoors or under a temporary film cover. The mature shrub is tall with powerful branches. Peppers have a standard conical shape and weigh a maximum of 150 g. This vegetable cannot be attributed to fleshy fruits, since their walls are only 5 mm thick, but the excellent taste and aroma of pulp made the pepper a favorite of many housewives. The small size and shape of the fruit is ideal for stuffing.
At the initial stage of ripening, the vegetable is green with a yellowish tinge, and when it is fully ripe, it turns red. Productivity from 1 m2 is about 4.2 kg. The peppercorns ripen together.
Important! If the greenhouse is not heated, the seedlings of these peppers are planted at the end of May at the age of 80 days. Plants are planted on open beds in early June.
The culture belongs to the middle ripening hybrids and was bred by Siberian breeders. Pepper has a peculiar cube shape with 3 or 4 chambers. Ripe fruits turn from green to deep red. On one bush, up to 15 peppercorns can be tied at the same time. When grown in a greenhouse with good feeding, the fruits grow large, weighing about 450 g. There are individual specimens weighing 0.5 kg. In open beds, peppers weighing more than 400 g do not grow.
When planting seedlings, they are guided by the placement of 5-7 plants per 1 m2... Medium vigorous plant grows to a maximum of 80 cm in height. About 3.5 kg of the crop is harvested from 1 bush.
Important! The culture loves moisture and feeding. Untimely application of mineral fertilizers will lead to a decrease in yield.
The culture refers to hybrids of the early ripening period. Grows well in open beds and under a temporary film cover. Bushes are undersized with a maximum height of 60 cm. The fruit is not very large and weighs only 180 g, but the pulp is very juicy, up to 9 mm thick. Peppers are considered to be of universal use.
The culture bears fruit stably even with a lack of light and cold weather. Seeds begin to germinate at a temperature of 25aboutHowever, raise it more than 28aboutC is not recommended. The first shoots appear after 2 weeks, and after 60 days, the seedlings are planted in the ground. By this time, the plant grows up to 20 cm tall, with a maximum of 10 leaves.
The plant stands out with compact bushes up to 70 cm high. The peppers belong to the middle ripening period. In terms of yield, this variety can also be attributed to the average indicators, but its rich red fruits are valued with thick juicy pulp with excellent taste.
Golden orange fruits can be obtained by growing crops in open and closed beds. Pepper belongs to the middle ripening period with an average yield. The maximum fruit weight is 100 g. Small-sized meaty peppercorns are ideal for stuffing.
A tall plant requires the construction of a support, as it grows up to 1.4 m in height. Peppers ripen early, changing their light green color to red. The culture is considered to be high yielding. The small fruit weighs a maximum of 150 g, with a fleshy pulp with excellent taste.
Every gardener can grow Siberian peppers. We have considered the best varieties of peppers for Siberia, according to experienced vegetable growers. Someone will like them, or maybe someone will find another ideal variety for themselves. The main thing is to follow exactly the agrotechnology of the culture and buy high-quality seeds.
The video shows the best varieties of pepper: