Adonis - the charm of the summer sun in every flower

Adonis - the charm of the summer sun in every flower

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Adonis is a bright representative of the Ranunculaceae family. This flowering culture has long been used in landscape design, as well as in traditional medicine. At least 25 plant species are known in botany, the main areas of growth under natural conditions of which are considered the moderate latitudes of Asia.

Botanical flower description

Adonis depending on the species can be perennial or annualHowever, a common feature for this culture is the small height of the herbaceous bush and the shape of the inflorescence - a simple or slightly terry basket (the so-called chamomile) with glossy petals.

Adonis, regardless of the species, forms lush curtains, strewn with yellow or red daisy-like flowers at the time of flowering. The older the plant, the more shoots will form on it, each of which is crowned with a single flower. Leaf blades cirrus or palmate, very lush and bright, cover the stem from the soil itself to the inflorescence.

Use in landscape design

People could see a plant in Adonis that could decorate a garden or flower garden only at the end of the 18th century. It was at this time that they began to use it in landscape design. Ideal places for representatives of the genus are considered to be roadsides of garden paths, groups of shrubs tinned by lawn, rocky hills, rockeries and flower beds.

Due to the fact that after flowering, the adonises retain their decorativeness, they are perfectly combined with a large number of garden plants:

  • Backache, blooming at the same time as adonis, hazel grouse and coppice;
  • decorative bow;
  • phlox;
  • iris
  • violets;
  • bells.

Adonis is not cut in the cut and does not bloom for very long, however, it differs from similar crops by its ability to maintain fresh leaves throughout the summer. Only some species and subspecies die off after flowering, like the popular bulbous primroses.

Adonis: cultivation features

Types of adonis in culture

In culture, adonis is used in its original form. Fortunately, he has enough varieties in order to diversify almost any landscape composition. They differ not only in the shape and size of leaf blades, the color of the petals and the height of the plant, but also in the requirements for growth.

In landscape design, the following types of adonis are most common:

ViewHabitat in naturePlant description
Adonis villosa (fluffy)Steppes of Kazakhstan and Siberia, at the foot of the rocks. Rarely found on the outskirts of birch grovesPerennial. The stems are very pubescent, covered with numerous double-leafed leaves. The height of the bush is not more than 30 cm. The flowers are bright or pale yellow, simple, with glossy petals rounded on the edge. It starts flowering in May
Adonis aestivalis (summer)The southern part of the European and West Siberian parts of Russia, the North Caucasus. It is found in the fields and on well-lit edges of birch forests.Annual Stems lack pubescence, no more than 15 cm high (in most cases, grows up to 35 cm in height). Leaf blades are repeatedly dissected into thin threads. The flowers are small, with glossy red petals. Begins to bloom in the second half of June
Adonis amurensis (Amur)Far Eastern region, including the island zone of Japan and the Korean Peninsula. Found in ChinaPerennial. Very poisonous look! It begins to bloom very early. Leaves are located on bare stems on long stalks, cirrus-dissected, bright. Flowers are wide open, up to 5 cm in diameter, bright yellow
Adonis annua (red)Middle Eastern Region, Western Asia, South Central Europe, and North African CoastAnnual Stems without pubescence, not more than 40 cm high. Three-cut or whole palmate leaf plates. Lower petioles, upper sessile. The flowers are small, on average 2 cm in diameter, red
Adonis flammea (fiery)The same areas as Adonis annua + CrimeaAnnual Stems pubescent, 30 to 40 cm high, simple, rarely branched. Leaves pubescent, many times dissected (cirrus). The flowers are very large, with red petals, the bases of which are painted black

The only species that has successfully passed varietal changes is Amur adonis. Japanese breeders created several varieties that have the same characteristics as their wild progenitor, with the exception of the color of the petals and flower shapes. The brightest representatives of the variety:

  • Bentin with snow-white flowers with a fringed edge;
  • Sandanzaki with semi-double inflorescences of yellow-green color;
  • Pleniflora with dense greenish-yellow flowers;
  • Ramosa with terry flowers of attractive red-brown color.

The variety of Amur adonis Hinomoto is unusual in color. Its petals are painted red-orange, and on the back they are green with a bronze tint.

Seed cultivation and summer adonis care

Adonises are considered unpretentious plants that tolerate relatively short periods of drought and can grow in close proximity to other plants. Meanwhile, their cultivation requires a lot of effort from the grower.

Choosing a place to land

Plants of the Ranunculaceae family for the most part are very demanding of light. They prefer sunny areas, but they feel good with light shading in the afternoon hours.

Adonis is recommended to be planted in areas with good ventilation, since in nature they grow mainly in open glades and meadows. When planting on hills (alpine hills), it is recommended that their east and west sides be taken under culture.

The soil

Despite the fact that many species of adonis prefer to grow on virgin meadows and roadsides, they bloom best when grown on fairly light soils rich in organic matter. The acidity of the substrate should be close to neutral. The plant responds well to the increased content in the soil of lime.

Before planting, it is important to dig deep into the place where the Adonis is to grow, and add enough organic matter to it. The fact is that this culture grows very slowly, and transplant transfers extremely poorly. That is why it is necessary to fill the soil so that there is enough nutrients for at least 4 years (top dressing, especially mineral water, is not good for the plant).

Plant care: watering, top dressing

For successful cultivation of adonis, it is necessary to keep the soil under it in a moderately moist and loose state. In wet weather, you do not need to water it, but in dry periods you will have to do this at least three times a week. The crop tolerates sprinkling and irrigation equally well.

Important! Loosely planting should be extremely careful. Culture lays buds of renewal, which are located at a shallow depth in the perimeter of the bush, for several years in advance. Damaging them, the grower can significantly shorten the period of successful growth and flowering or even cause the death of the plant.

Adonis needs to be fed very carefully, and exclusively organic in the form of fertile mulch from humus mixed with half-ripened leaves. It is necessary to use it in the autumn, and in the summer the plant has enough nutrients introduced at the end of the previous season.

Diseases and Pests

Adonis is practically not damaged by pests, since this plant is poisonous. The roots and the terrestrial part of this culture are considered inedible in most insects. Moreover, even the seed bolls remain intact when the plants surrounding them are attacked by pests. This plant is also not affected by numerous diseases of flowering plants.

Winter preparations

Adonis perfectly withstands prolonged frosts in the winter and return cooling in the spring. Adult plants do not require special preparation for wintering, but young seedlings (up to 2 years) need to be covered for the winter with leaves or spruce branches.

Propagation and planting of adonis

There are two methods of propagating culture:

  • seminal;
  • division.

Both have a lot of disadvantages and advantages, and are used by gardeners with approximately the same frequency. So, planting with seeds does not always justify itself due to the low germination of seeds and the small growth power of young plants. Sowing should be done on still cool ground in April or May, and before that the seeds need to be stratified. The sown Adonises bloom for 3 or 4 years after planting in a permanent place, and before that they are in the school for a whole year growing up.

Tip: so that the seeds germinate better, you need to sow them immediately after ripening. To do this, they are mixed with sand and scattered over the surface of the soil, and then mulched with a thin layer of dried grass or foliage.

Division also has a significant drawback - it can be done if adonis has been growing in one place for at least 6 years. There is no guarantee that offspring separated from the mother plant will take root or bloom in the next 3 years.

Tip: so that the dividers quickly recover and start to grow, it is recommended to divide the bush only in two parts. It is important to preserve the soil lump, and damage the roots to a minimum.

After flowering, the delenki should be planted according to the scheme of 20 cm in a row and 25 cm between them. Watering in the first days should be plentiful, in the subsequent volume of moisture can be reduced, and the soil surface should be mulched with organic matter.

How to plant adonis

Adonis is a simple-looking and at the same time very beautiful flower that fits perfectly into flower beds of any styles and directions. It is relatively simple to grow it, and hundreds of enthusiastic reviews from gardeners who managed to get to know it repeat this.

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