The technology of growing Phalaenopsis orchids at home

The technology of growing Phalaenopsis orchids at home

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Caring for Phalaenopsis is not difficult. Plants are often cultivated at home, usually planted in small pots. Phalaenopsis needs a transplant over time, and in the case of serious orchid diseases, a system of resuscitation measures has been developed. Let us consider in detail how to properly care for the plant.

Requirements for temperature, lighting, spraying

First of all, it is important to properly position the plant. The best option would be to place on the west or east window. Otherwise, illumination with a fluorescent lamp is required. In the autumn and winter periods, the plant must be provided with a 14-hour daylight.

The optimal temperature regime for the plant in the summer is a range from +20 to +25 degrees. In winter, the temperature should be +17 degrees. If it exceeds +25 degrees, Phalaenopsis will not bloom. To obtain a healthy orchid from seeds, a difference between the temperature of day and night of 4 degrees is required, then the plant will thank the caring hosts with delicious flowers that look so good in the photo.

It should be noted that the culture perfectly adapts to the conditions of detention. But, when the most favorable conditions for development are provided, it will be much easier to grow Phalaenopsis.

Caring for an orchid involves regular spraying with water. To achieve good flowering, the procedure needs to be done 4 times a day. A particular need for spraying with water occurs in plants in the winter, as at this time the humidity in the room is very low.

During flowering, spraying should be done carefully, trying not to get on the flower, otherwise flowering may stop. Excess fluid should be removed from the leaves after the procedure, since the leaves are covered with brown spots from the water, the decorative effect of the plant is reduced.

Watering methods

There are two ways to water a flower:

  • lowering the plant into a container of water;
  • using a watering can.

After the orchid begins to bloom, it is recommended to water it from a watering can, otherwise the roots will begin to change their location and Phalaenopsis can lose flowers. Watering should be carried out in such a way that the substrate has time to dry, otherwise the roots will begin to rot. In addition, if the substrate is wet all the time, it will quickly deteriorate.

The immersion method is that the pot is lowered into a container of water and left there until air bubbles stop flowing, and then removed. When using the presented methodology for an instance grown from seeds, the water temperature should coincide with the air temperature. The best option for fast growing flower crops is to use a liquid 4 degrees warmer than air. However, it is worth remembering that watering Phalaenopsis with 28-degree water is already dangerous - the roots may scald.

Water for irrigation must be defended for 24 hours, so that it becomes soft. Hard water for roots should not be used, it has a high content of lime salts, which will be announced by white stains on foliage and soil. If you see this signal, you must try to reduce the amount of lime in the water. There are several ways to do this.

  • You can water an orchid grown from seeds with water with the addition of oxalic acid (per liter of liquid add acid at the tip of a knife). Watering the roots is allowed after 3 days after making the mixture.
  • Boil water for 20 minutes, then water. Then there will be no spots on the foliage.
  • Water phalaenopsis with water that has been frozen in a plastic bottle. When freezing water, salts settle to the bottom of the vessel, and you can get rid of them simply by cutting the bottom of the bottle along with ice.

Rules for feeding

Feeding the roots of the Phalaenopsis Mix should be a special top dressing for orchids. Work is being carried out after the plants begin to bloom, 2 times a month in the summer, once a month in the winter. The concentration of fertilizer for the roots should be half as much as written in the instructions.

After Phalaenopsis has faded, fertilizer is not recommended. To remove salts, it should be abundantly irrigated with warm water once a month for 20 minutes.

How is breeding

In an apartment, it is easier to divide the orchid with side shoots, the so-called kids. They are formed at the peduncle or at the outlet of the leaves, and their development takes time. In any case, if you decide to grow new Phalaenopsis individuals not from seeds, you should wait until the baby gives its own roots. After this, the process can be transplanted into a separate container.

Is it possible to get an orchid from seeds

For the human eye, plant seeds look like dust, because the weight of one seed is only 0.0000028 grams. In a box of Phalaenopsis there are up to 4 million seeds!

Phalaenopsis: principles of proper care

After ripening, the seeds are easily tolerated by the wind and can spread over a wide area. Having fallen to the ground, healthy seeds, under good conditions, give roots, new plants appear. Charles Darwin said that if all the seeds of the orchid had taken root and taken root, soon there would be no place left on Earth. However, this will not happen, because most of the seeds are weak and die quickly due to lack of nutrients.

It is extremely difficult to grow an orchid from seeds at home. For them to sprout, it will take a lot of effort, but still some skillful gardeners manage to achieve good results.

First of all, it is necessary to prepare the material for planting and comply with the technology.

  • Prepared seeds are placed in a glass container, for example, flasks, and they must be sterilized.
  • At this time, prepare a special nutrient medium. The Knudson C Medium recipe is widespread. How to cook it, can be seen in the photo in special publications on floriculture.
  • Seeds are poured with nutrient medium using glass funnels.
  • The flasks are closed with corks, and on top with foil.
  • Until the medium has frozen, the flasks are not tilted so that the medium does not touch the cork and does not lose its sterility.

We also offer you to learn about the features of choice and options for self-making flowerpots for orchids.

How to trim

As soon as buds and flowers remain on the peduncles of the orchid, this means that the plant has passed into a period of sleep. At this time, pruning is performed. Trimming Phalaenopsis is better from October to November. If you do not carry out the procedure, the orchid may begin to bloom again and as a result die, because it simply will not have the strength.

Pruning Phalaenopsis is carried out immediately after he dropped the flowers. Of the tools you need a pruner that does not injure the plant. You can trim with an ordinary knife, but with caution. Before carrying out work, tools must be thoroughly disinfected.

What exactly should be trimmed? The stem, even if it dries, is not recommended to touch. If pruning is completed, the plant will not have time to get nutrients from it. It is worth waiting until the stem turns completely yellow, after which you can remove it. Pruning is carried out so that a small stump remains at the base of the stem.

How to transplant Phalaenopsis orchid

Despite the fact that it is easier to care for Phalaenopsis than for other types of orchids, you will have to try to get a large number of flowers. Orchid requires the right temperature, periodic watering, spraying, pruning. Only in this way Phalaenopsis will delight you with its flowering for a long time.

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